Water is crucial to your life and well-being. However ingesting an excessive amount of of it (overhydration) can result in water intoxication. This, in flip, can result in hyponatremia and impaired mind perform.
What are the signs of water intoxication? Can it’s reversed? Learn this submit to seek out solutions to all these questions. Swipe up!
Water intoxication, also referred to as overhydration or water poisoning, is a life-threatening situation attributable to ingesting an excessive amount of water. It’s characterised by electrolyte imbalance or low sodium focus in blood (lower than 135 mEq/L), which is called hyponatremia.
Signs of water intoxication are confusion, nausea, vomiting, headache, and disorientation. Extreme circumstances of water intoxication can also result in coma or demise.
Listed under are 10 unwanted side effects of ingesting an excessive amount of water:
1. Causes hyponatremia
Hyponatremia is a lower in sodium ranges under 135 mEq/L blood serum. It occurs resulting from speedy overhydration. Sodium is a crucial salt that helps in cell signaling and varied different capabilities within the physique. So, when your serum sodium ranges drop, you begin feeling nauseous, disoriented, fatigued, or get a headache. In extreme circumstances, it may also result in demise.
2. Causes the cells to swell up
When the sodium stage in your physique decreases, water enters the cell via the semipermeable cell membrane via the method of osmosis. This ends in swelling up of the cells. The swelling of the physique cells (together with the mind) causes severe injury to the muscle tissues, organs, and mind.
3. Could trigger diarrhea
Overhydration might lead to extreme diarrhea and extended sweating. It’s precipitated resulting from hypokalemia or a lower in potassium ions. The steadiness between intracellular and extracellular potassium ions is hampered once you drink an excessive amount of water. In reality, a mere 1% change in potassium ion distribution can result in a whopping 50% change in plasma potassium ion focus.
4. Impacts the mind
Hyponatremia or low sodium within the blood could cause the mind to swell up. This, in flip, ends in speech incapacity, disorientation, strolling instability, psychosis, and even demise.
5. Overburdens the center
Overhydration might result in coronary heart failure in individuals present process dialysis. The guts performs the very important perform of pumping blood via your total physique. While you devour an excessive amount of water, it will increase the quantity of blood inside your physique. The elevated blood quantity exerts pointless stress on the blood vessels and coronary heart. It might additionally generally result in seizures.
6. Overburdens the kidneys
Overhydration might trigger acute kidney harm (AKI). Excessive water consumption additionally lowers plasma ranges of arginine vasopressin, which helps protect kidney perform. Consuming an excessive amount of water can put stress in your kidneys to perform continually. Your kidneys can filter a couple of liter of fluid per hour from the physique. Past that, they should work further exhausting to take care of homeostasis.
7. Could trigger liver issues
It is very important word that this downside will not be attributable to merely ingesting an excessive amount of water. Somewhat, it occurs by ingesting an excessive amount of water with iron in it. Iron overload will not be precisely detrimental, however in uncommon circumstances, it might trigger liver-related issues. Individuals with liver cirrhosis are liable to creating hyponatremia.
8. Frequent urination
Frequent urination, say as soon as in each quarter-hour, will be actually irritating, whether or not you might be at residence, work, or college. While you drink an excessive amount of water, your kidneys perform continually. In consequence, it’s essential to rush to the washroom repeatedly.
9. Poses the chance of chlorine overdose
Chlorine is used to disinfect ingesting water. However, ingesting an excessive amount of water can put you susceptible to chlorine overdose. When that occurs, you might be susceptible to creating bladder and colorectal cancers.
10. Potential threat of coma
The mind and visceral organ injury that your physique goes via because of water intoxication can result in coma and, in some circumstances, demise. Subsequently, don’t drink an excessive amount of water inside a brief window of time.
Questioning how you can inform when you find yourself ingesting an excessive amount of water? Right here’s an inventory of signs you possibly can look out for.